ABOUT THE DRUG
Marvelon is an oral contraceptive that inhibits ovulation, increases viscosity of the cervical mucus, thereby reducing the permeability of the sperm. Normalizes the menstrual cycle. Can prevent the occurrence of diseases of the genital organs, including cancer.
INDICATIONS AND DOSAGE
The drug is used to prevent pregnancy, and when:
cholestasis (stagnation of bile in the bile ducts);
frequent attacks of epilepsy;
primary or secondary occurrence of porphyria (a disease associated with metabolic disorders of porphyrin/pigments).
Marvelon is used orally as a means of contraception, with observance of sequence of pills in the pack and reception intervals. It is recommended not to miss the appointment time or to postpone for more than 12 hours, as it reduces the effectiveness of the product, and the chances of getting pregnant increase.
Start taking Marvelon better in the first day of menstruation, if You start later – two days or more, within the first week you will need additional non-hormonal contraceptive.
Make the drug should take 1 tablet daily for 21 days, after which you should make a seven-day break. 2-3 days a seven day "holiday" there is menstrual bleeding that lasts until the start of the next dosing cycle.
If You are already taking other hormonal contraceptives, but want to switch to Marvelon, you need to drink the medication on the next day after taking the last pill previously consumed, or after a week's break.
For early reception "mini-pill" to go on Marvelon at any day. After removal of the implant on the same day, the use of injection - the day following injection.
After abortion in the first trimester you can start taking immediately, additional contraceptive is not useful. But if You had an abortion in the II trimester, it is recommended to take the drug no earlier than 21 - 28 days using additional contraceptives. If you suspect pregnancy or recent sexual contact to take Marvelon should not wait until the onset of menstruation.
If You missed taking the pill more than 12 hours, take it immediately as soon as remembered, even if I have to drink 2 pills at a time. All other methods follow in the usual manner.
To postpone menstruation by using Marvelon can in this way take a drug with a different package without the usual break. If You need to shift the start date of menstruation at a certain time, it is necessary to shorten the period of the seven-day break for the number of days that you want. Before taking the drug, and regularly against the background of its application required consultation.
The stops taking the drug 6 weeks prior to planned surgery.
Vomiting or diarrhea can result in excretion of drugs from the body, therefore, in those cases when these symptoms disappear within 1 day, a pill must be taken repeatedly. With more long-term conservation of these symptoms should temporarily resort to other methods of contraception.
The risk of cardiovascular complications increases with Smoking (especially after 35).
The risk of thrombosis increases when high blood pressure.
Taking the drug immediately terminated in case of following symptoms:
early signs of phlebitis (inflammation of the walls of the veins);
thrombosis (blockage of blood vessels by blood clot);
embolism (violations of vascular permeability) - swelling of veins, unusual pain in the legs;
chest pain when breathing or coughing;
the feeling of pressure in the chest;
first appeared migraine-like headaches;
sudden hearing loss and vision;
Before the drug can occur:
intermenstrual spotting and copious spotting;
deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism;
In individual cases, possible thrombosis of the renal, hepatic, mesenteric and retinal veins and arteries, change in libido, depression, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract (vomiting, nausea, diarrhea), and increase engorgement, change in vaginal secretion, fluid retention in the body, increase of body weight, intolerance to contact lenses, and hearing loss. These factors may not be a manifestation of side effects of contraceptive, however if You see them, immediately suspend the acceptance Marvelon.
The drug is contraindicated in:
cholecystitis (inflammation of gallbladder);
tendency to thrombosis (clotting of blood in the vessel);
the malignant tumors.
INTERACTIONS WITH DRUGS AND ALCOHOL
While the use of barbiturates, rifampicin, ampicillin, griseofulvin, butadiene, antiepileptic drugs efficacy of the drug is reduced. While taking the drug on the background antidiabetic therapy may change glucose tolerance (glucose tolerance).
COMPOSITION AND PROPERTIES
In the part of the 1st tablet Marvelon includes the following components:
active substance - desogestrel – 150 mcg, ethinyl estradiol and 30 µg;
excipients potato starch. stearic acid, povidone, colloidal silicon dioxide, lactose monohydrate, α-tocopherol.
White pill engraved with "5." on one side, on the other – "organon". Form convex, rounded.
Part of Magelona desogestrel inhibits the action of luteinizing and follicle-stimulating hormone by the pituitary gland, thus blocking ovulation. Ethinyl estradiol regulates the menstrual cycle and makes it less painful. And by increasing the viscosity of cervical mucus, the drug creates a perfect environment for reducing the permeability of the sperm.
The contraceptive increases the content of high density lipoproteins in plasma, without affecting the low density lipoprotein in the blood plasma, thereby producing beneficial effects on lipid metabolism. In addition, Marvelon helps to improve the condition of skin with acne.